- New research suggests fatigue is a result of adaptations distinctive to humans
- Fatigue is an adaptation that provided human reproductive success
- Fatigue is a central concern in sport and exercise, but we are yet to fully understand its causes
A new book by a Charles Sturt University (CSU) researcher argues that fatigue is a result of adaptations distinctive to humans that provided human reproductive success.
Human Fatigue – Evolution, Health and Performance (1st edition) is a ground-breaking book by researcher and author Professor Frank Marino (pictured), Head of the CSU School of Exercise Science, Sport and Health in Bathurst.
Professor Marino says that fatigue is a condition spanning the breadth of human functioning in health and disease, and is a central concern in sport and exercise, but we are yet to fully understand its causes.
In Human Fatigue he outlines the evidence that fatigue is a result of adaptations distinctive to humans.
Furthermore, and importantly, the book considers fatigue from an evolutionary perspective and argues that fatigue is an adaptation that provided human reproductive success.
It argues that humans developed adaptations which led to enhanced fatigue resistance compared with other mammals and discusses the implications in the context of exercise, health and performance.
Professor Marino said, “A crucial question is what determines how fatigue develops during physical tasks regardless of whether someone is an athlete or not.
“This question has been a central tenet of experimental studies in elite, recreationally active, healthy and in diseased individuals.
“The reason for this is that understanding what the exercise ‘stopper’ might be regardless of health status, could mean the difference between winning and losing, improving health or even motivating more people to partake in exercise to gain the benefits of regular physical activity.
“My argument in this book is that, compared to other species, we decided on endurance rather than power and that this holds the key to understanding much of what we can and can’t accomplish.”
Human Fatigue is recommended reading for all exercise scientists as well as graduate and undergraduate students in the broad field of physiology and exercise physiology.
The book is highly illustrated, and covers topics such as: defining and measuring fatigue, the emotional aspect of fatigue, how thermoregulation affects the human capacity to resist fatigue, and fatigue in disease. The Contents:
1. Evolution and Natural Selection in Human Performance, Health and Disease
2. Safety Factors, Reserve and Trade-offs
3. Not Just Cousins
4. Defining and Measuring Fatigue
5. Morphology and Skeletal Muscle
6. The Brain: The Emotional Aspect of Fatigue
7. The Environment: Temperature and The Human Capacity to Resist Fatigue
8. Energy In, Energy Out – And Fatigue
9. Power Versus Endurance
10. Fatigue in DiseaseHuman Fatigue – Evolution, Health and Performance (1st edition) is published by Routledge and can be purchased online here: https://www.routledge.com/Human-Fatigue-Evolution-Health-and-Performance/Marino/p/book/9781138939738