COVID-19 and digital disruption topple magazines

24 JULY 2020

COVID-19 and digital disruption topple magazines

Charles Sturt Lecturer in Journalism Harry Dillon explores what the demise of eight former Bauer Media titles signals for the future of Australia's media landscape.

By Harry Dillon, Lecturer in Journalism, Charles Sturt University in Bathurst

The demise of eight former Bauer Media titles is the latest sign of the widening rift between the news and marketing sectors that is decimating the former and shrinking the latter’s non-digital options.

The shutdowns mark the rapid approach of an era in which news on paper, even colourful content on glossy pages, just won’t matter much to digitally-immersed audiences.

And while the travails of Australia’s local papers rankle senior consumers, the mayhem in magazines highlights the ebbing of print media's traditional reliance on advertising to pay for journalism.

Digital disruption is cutting deeply into not only legacy news outlets but also lifestyle-oriented publications, as COVID-19 hastens a reshaping of the media landscape.

The long-term digital drift of audiences and advertisers is the root cause of the loss of the eight magazines that ranged from the classy Harper’s Bazaar to the downmarket OK.

But the current impetus was the coronavirus-induced collapse of advertising revenues that halted printing of the titles in April. Another factor was the much-criticised management by the Bauer Media, which closed a series of titles after buying Australian Consolidated Press (ACP) in 2012.

The latest closures, accompanied by dozens of job losses, were announced on Tuesday 21 July by Mercury Capital, after the private equity firm completed its purchase of Bauer’s assets in Australia and New Zealand.

Despite previous assurances the now-axed titles would resume publishing from around September, Mercury Capital’s magazine chief Brendon Hill says a lack of advertising market confidence and the continuing COVID-19 impacts make the magazines unviable.

Hill’s comment that, despite promising signs, the ‘market remains too volatile to confidently forecast the next 6-12 months’ suggests that publishers will be battening down the hatches for some time.

Difficult recovery

Recovery will be a hard road for Mercury Capital’s brands post-Bauer. The German-owned company oversaw an eight-year decline that was a case study for turning gold into lead and failing to respond effectively to the digital revolution.

Despite, perhaps partly because of, a century-plus background in mass-market, high-volume publishing in Europe, Bauer fumbled in the smaller Australian marketplace and did not transmute marquee titles such as The Australian Women’s Weekly into distinctive digital go-to destinations.

Aggregating its diverse offerings into the Now to Love portal with an implausible strategy of scaling up through bundling did not hold the line during a period when major digital adaptation was the only game in town for struggling traditional media.

The Bauer business picked up by Mercury Capital, for less than 10 per cent of the $525 million the German company paid eight years ago, is a shadow of its forerunner in ACP’s glory days, but includes impressive media properties that can rise again.

This will be challenging because print magazines everywhere are being gazumped by an internet that brims with free infotainment about celebrities, show business, fashion, food, relationships and home styling.

And where there’s revenue there’ll be competition. As former Harper’s Bazaar editor Kellie Hush points out, the closure of fashion titles leaves the field open to innovative players, old and new.

"Looking at it from a different perspective, there is now an opportunity for independent magazines and digital businesses to come to the table,” Ms Hush told ragtrader.

As she points out, magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar bring together a network of audiences, media professionals, fashion industry interests and high-end brands that spend on promotion.

This represents cultural capital built up over time through the arduous process of publication building. That capital is difficult to create and hard to restore once depleted. 

Cheap entries

Whether the Sydney-based Mercury Capital will rise to the occasion as a publisher as well as investor is unclear, and shuttering magazines is not an auspicious start.

But given the low price paid for its new assets and the firm’s stated allegiance to ‘clear growth strategies’, profitability and rejuvenation seem feasible. Brendon Hill pushed this line in a recent interview with Mumbrella.

Mercury Capital’s cheap entry to media ownership is reminiscent of the April 2019 acquisition of Australian Community Media (ACM) from Nine Entertainment by Antony Catalano and the Thorney Investment Group.

Mr Catalano is a businessman with a track record for driving revenue from property marketing and Thorney is a private investment group headed by billionaire Alex Waislitz, dubbed as Australia’s ‘Warren Buffet’ in media coverage.

The purchase price of $115 million included more than 160 regional and rural mastheads, formerly part of the Fairfax media empire and worth $3 billion in 2007. The bargain-basement deal reflected parlous economics, due in large part to the ubiquitous impact of the internet.

Mr Catalano stated from the outset his intention to grow ACM through credible journalism, digital expansion and new revenue streams. After many of its papers closed in response to the initial 2020 coronavirus crisis, most have now reopened with some support from the Federal Government’s $50 million Public Interest News Gathering Project for regional media innovation.

A big-ticket item in Mr Catalano’s plan for ACM is a real estate marketing concept that bundles print and digital strategies with listings on realestate.com.au. Now being progressively rolled out through ACM’s titles, this system may recoup some of the publisher’s lost advertising income.

But ACM’s ongoing newsprint commitment also relies on communities’ support for local papers and their online offerings, with the latter increasingly residing behind paywalls.

In contrast, News Corp, the other major player in regional news, has decisively moved away from print and into digital-only operations by taking more than 100 mastheads online and foreshadowing 50 new digital titles in diverse locations. Paywalls are also the norm for New Corp news sites.

Advertising drifts away

The accelerating shift to digital-only news is accompanied by growing acceptance that in the future revenue will come from subscriptions, patronage, events, licensed content, other monetised products and services – with much less from advertising.

With the traditional advertising drip-feed drying up, news media are facing the challenge of making journalism largely pay for itself by concise identification of audiences and targeted delivery of indispensable content. In 2020, this means:

‘The situation calls for an innovation response that captures the audience with compelling content, packaged and delivered in the right way at the right time. The goal is REA: repeat engaged attention.’

Specialist forms of news, including lifestyle journalism, face similar challenges albeit with perhaps a more symbiotic, ongoing relationship to advertising.

But with advertisers constantly exploring sophisticated ways to reach audiences digitally, the multichannel spend is drifting away from print journalism, and largely isn’t going to the online variety.

While print seems to be in terminal decline and the old nexus with marketing is withering, news media are belatedly but resolutely working on ways to survive and thrive

This article was originally published by AdNews on Friday 24 July.

Media Note:

To arrange interviews with Mr Harry Dillon, please contact Rebecca Akers at Charles Sturt Media on mobile 0456 377 434 or news@csu.edu.au

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